Mesha Sankranti

Many regional Hindu calendar systems and Muhurat finding rules bring New Year with Mesha Sankranti. If not the same day, then the day followed by Mesha Sankraman is celebrated as the first day of the Solar cycle year.

However, the Shubh Muhurat for Sankranti-related Daan-Punya activities is considered as per its own rules through the Hindu solar calendar system.

Mesha Sankranti is associated with Sankramanam, Vishu Kani, Pana Sankranti, Puthandu, Vishu, Pohela Boishakh (Naba Barsha), Vaisakh, and Bihu in various regions of India.

Mesha Sankranti festival with Hindu New Year celebration dance (Punjabi dance performance in fields by couples on Baisakhi in Punjab India)
The festive breeze of Mesha Sankranti with Hindu New Year celebration!
Illustration: Couples performing Punjabi dance on Baisakhi, fallen with Mesha Sankranti


All About Mesha Sankranti


Mesha Sankranti: Quick Glance
Also Known As
Vasant Sampat, Maha Vishuva Sankranti
Also Spelled As
Mesh Sankranti
Sun Shifting, Sun Transition
Event Type
Indian, Religious, Cultural
Observed By
Hindu, Brahmin
Nadi Snan (sacred river bath), Worship, Text reading, Donation related righteous deeds
New Year celebration (As per Hindu Solar calendar)
Date and Time
(Varies as per Hindu Solar calendar)
Occurrence/ Frequency
Other Correlated Events
Naba Barsha, Vishnu Kani, Puthundu, Vishu, Vaishakha, Bihu

Meaning of Mesha Sankranti

The word Mesha Sankranti is made of two terms- ‘Mesha’ and ‘Sankranti’.

Mesha or Aries is one of the astrological Zodiac Signs which is symbolized as the Ram or Sheep.

Sankranti implies the transmigration of the Sun from one to another Rashi (Zodiac sign).

Mesha Sankranti marks the entrance of the Sun in Mesha Rashi or Aries zodiac.

Names of Mesha Sankranti as New Year's First Day

Mesha Sankranti is celebrated as Sankramanam in South India, Vishu Kani in Malayam, Pana Sankranti in Orissa, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Vishu in Kerala, Pohela Boishakh (Naba Barsha) in Bengal, Vaisakh in Punjab, and Bihu in Assam.

In Malayalam, where people follow the Malayalam calendar, Mesha Sankranti is celebrated as Vishu Kani. In Orissa, also known as Odisha, Mesha Sankranti, and the first day of the New Year are celebrated as Pana Sankranti.

In India, there are many calendars that are based on the Solar System and are known as Solar calendars. Although they all follow the same system, yet they have different rules to identify the first day of the year which relies on the exact time of Sankramanam or Sankranti.

Such Solar calendars are- Bengali calendar, Tamil calendar, Oriya calendar, and Malayalam calendar.

The day of Mesha Sankranti is observed with many different names, significance, and rules as per the reference calendar. Let’s know some of the popular names of Mesha Sankramanam!

Vishu Kani in Malayam

As per the Malayalam calendar, this first day of New Year is celebrated as Vishu Kani which is based on the Mesha Sankranti.

Pana Sankranti in Odisha

If Sankranti comes before midnight, then the first day of New Year is also celebrated with the Mesha Sankranti. Popularly known as Orissa and officially named Odisha celebrates Mesha Sankranti as Pana Sankranti.

Puthandu in Tamil Nadu

If Mesha Sankranti falls between the time duration from “after sunset” to “before sunrise” then the beginning of the New Year is celebrated on the same day. In such a case, the believers in Tamil Nadu celebrate New Year's day as Puthandu.

Vishu in Kerala

As per the Malayalam calendar system, a day is counted as per the sunrise and sunset and can be seen in five parts. When the Sankranti falls in the first three parts of the day between sunrise and sunset, then the first day of the year is observed the same day. In other cases, it is celebrated the next day.

It means that when the Mesha Sankranti comes till or before the Madhyahna, the New Year celebration takes place on the same day, else it is observed on the following day.

Thus in the first case, People who observe Mesha Sankranti and the traditional calendar system and the festivals as per that, celebrate Mesha Sankranti as Vishu in Kerala.

Pohela Boishakh or Naba Barsha in Bengal

If the Sankranti moment falls between sunrise and midnight, the New Year occurs on the same day. If it begins after midnight, the first day of the year starts on the next day which follows the Sankranti day. When the New Year occurs on the same day, it is observed with great celebration as Pohela Boishakh or Naba Barsha with Mesha Sankranti.

Vaisakhi in Punjab

Also spelled as Baisakhi or Baisakhi or Vaisakha, this festival brings one of the greatest celebrations for Punjabi(s) or the Sikh community.

In Punjab, people celebrate Mesha Sankranti as Vaisakha.

Bihu in Assam

Mesha Sankranti is observed as Bihu in the Indian state Assam.

Day and Date of Mesha Sankranti

According to the Hindu Lunar calendar, it comes in ‘Vaisakha’, the second month of the ‘Panchang’ Hindi calendar.

In India, people follow different calendars based on their region for religious events and celebrations. However, most of them mark the first day of the new year considering the Mesha Sankranti which is observed as per the Solar Hindu calendar. These calendars are- Tamil calendar, Bengali calendar, Oriya calendar, and Malayalam calendar.

Mesha Sankranti Day
Date of Mesha Sankranti Observance
13 April 2016
14 April 2017
14 April 2018
14 April 2019
13 April 2020
14 April 2021
14 April 2022
14 April 2023
13 April 2024
14 April 2025
14 April 2026

Auspicious Muhurat Time of Mesha Sankranti

Mesha Sankranti is one of the Vishuva Sankranti(S); other is Tula Sankranti. Mesha Sankranti related auspicious Muhurat for Daan-Punya falls 15 Ghati(s) before the Mesha Sankraman moment.

It denotes that the Muhurat for Daan-Punya-related righteous activities is the time window of 15 Ghati before Sankranti to Sankranti.

Mesha Sankranti Day and Date: Sunday, 14 April 2019
Mesha Sankranti Moment: 02:25 PM, 14 April 2019
(Time of Sankraman)
Mesha Sankranti Maha Punya Kaal: 12:20 PM to 04:31 PM
(Duration of Muhurat: 04 Hours 11 Mins)
Mesha Sankranti Punya Kaal: 10:15 AM to 06:36 PM
(Duration of Muhurat: 08 Hours 21 Mins)

God of the Festival

Although Sankranti witness special devotion for Hindu God Surya (Sun) who is worshipped as Surya Deva too, yet people also worship Shiva, Vishnu, Hindu Goddess Kali, and Hanuman.


Holy Bath for Sanctification

The devotees following the rituals of Mesha Sankranti take sacred baths in Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati Nadi (rivers).

Sacred Text Reading

Devotees also chant hymns and Strotas from the sacred books.

Prohibition to Any Food: 'Yes' to Only Vegetarian Dishes!

People so eat vegetarian dishes only. The veg food is considered to be Satvik which helps in avoiding the bad habits and controlling the self desires. Satvik food is also seen as a recipe that is prepared with complete cleanliness, freshness, and good intentions.

Significance of Mesha Sankranti

Mesha Sankranti marks the arrival of the first month of the Hindu Solar calendar which falls in May.

This Sankranti day is not just the day signifying the movement of the Sun into another Rashi; it also brings the change in season. It announces the farewell of the spring season and the starting of the summer season.


Those, who hold a very fast belief in Sankranti-related rituals, also visit Jagannath Puri, Cuttak Chandi, Biraja temple, and Samaleshwari. They believe that such a visit adds to their Punya (righteous gestures) and the prayers and worships offered there are surely heard.


Mesha Sankranti can be seen the second special sankranti after Makar Sankranti. Where Makar Sankranti is the most famous type of Sankranti, Mesha Sankranti is nowhere behind because of the observation of New Year’s first day.

People celebrate Mesha Sankranti or Hindu New Year by wearing new clothes, dancing, singing, and performing charitable activities.

Special Dish of Mehsa Sankranti

Indian festivals are fun mostly because of the specific dishes of the special occasions. All the 12 Sankranti(s) are no exception.

On Mesha Sankranti, people prepare Pana for all their family members, relatives, friends, and visitors. Pana is a special drink that is consumed at Sankramanam events with great delight.

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