Meena Sankranti

Meena Sankranti is one of the twelve sun-transition events which mark the starting of a new month, indeed the last month of the year.

Calculated as per the solar calendar system, Meena Sankranti is also observed throughout India by Hindus as an auspicious opportunity of donating food, clothes, and especially the land (in this particular Sankranti).

Meena Sankranti
Meena Sankranti


Meena Sankranti: Quick Glance
Also Known As
Meena Sankraman, Sankramanam
Also Spelled As
Meen Sankranti, Meena Sankranthi
Sun Shifting, Sun Transition
Event Type
Indian, Religious, Cultural
Observed By
Hindu, Brahmin
Visiting the holy river for a bath, visiting temples at the river banks, offering worships, performing donation activities
Not much
Date and Time
15 March 2019 (Varies as per Hindu Solar calendar)
Sankranti in Various Years
14 March 2020
Occurrence/ Frequency
Other Correlated Events

Meaning of Meena Sankranti

The word Meena Sankranti is the integration of two words- ‘Meena’ and ‘Sankranti’. Meena is a Rashi or astrological Zodiac Sign which is also known as Pisces and symbolized as Fishes. Sankranti shows the movement of the Sun from one zodiac sign to another.

Meena Sankranti is the event of sun transition from Meena Rashi to Mesha Rashi, that is, from Pisces zodiac to Aries zodiac.

Names of Meena Sankranti

Meena Sankranti is known as Meena Sankranthi, Meen Sankranti, Meena Sankraman, and Sankramanam in South.

Day and Date of Meena Sankranti

According to the Hindu Lunar calendar, it comes in ‘Chaitra’, the first month of the ‘Panchang’ Hindi calendar.

Meena Sankranti Day
Date of Meena Sankranti Observance
14 March 2016
14 March 2017
14 March 2018
15 March 2019
14 March 2020
14 March 2021
15 March 2022
15 March 2023
14 March 2024
14 March 2025
15 March 2026

Auspicious Muhurat Time of Meena Sankranti

Meena Sankranti is one of the Shadshitimukhi Sankranti(S); others are Mithuna Sankranti, Kanya Sankranti, and Dhanu Sankranti. Meena Sankranti related auspicious Muhurat for Daan-Punya falls 16 sixteen Ghati(s) after the Meena Sankraman moment.

It entails that the Muhurat for Daan-Punya-related righteous activities is the time window of Sankranti to 16 Ghati after Sankranti.

Meena Sankranti Day and Date: Friday, 15 March 2019
Meena Sankranti Moment: 05:56 AM, 15 March 2019
(Time of Sankraman)
Meena Sankranti Maha Punya Kaal: 06:40 AM to 08:39 AM
(Duration of Muhurat: 01 Hour 59 Mins)
Meena Sankranti Punya Kaal: 06:40 AM to 12:36 PM
(Duration of Muhurat: 05 Hours 56 Mins)

God of the Festival

As it is a sun-transition event, the devotees and followers of Lord Surya (Sun God) worship him with hopes of seeking blessings for the entire month.


Among Hindus, there is a tradition of waking up early before sunrise, taking sacred baths in river water, and offering Namaskar (greetings) and prayers addressing the Sun during the sunrise.

This tradition becomes an important ritual of Meena Sankranti which people observe waking up early morning.

Another imperative ritual involves donation-giving activities. Where food or grain is donated commonly on the occasion of all the twelve Sankranti(s), land-donation to needy and Brahmins is especially done on this Sankramanam event.

People perform these righteous activities within the time frame of Shubh Muhurat which is found out by the Pandits (Priests) and considered auspicious.

Significance of Meena Sankranti

Meena Sankranti marks the arrival of the twelfth month of the Hindu Solar calendar which falls in April.

Like others, this Sankranti is also observed as a significant opportunity to perform the Daan-Punya (charitable activities).


It is believed that donating the land leads one to way of happiness.

People offer other goods as well to the needy and Brahmins, believing that their good deeds will pay them off in the future in this world and the other world after their death. So they follow all the rituals for collecting Punya (good deeds in the account of God).

The sacred bath, holy chanting, and offered worships are believed to cleanse and free one from all the past sins of a lifetime. So people take a dip in Holy Rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati.


The festival of Meena Sankranti is not celebrated as some cultural event; it is signified as a religious and astrological event.

The temples are cleaned and decorated with flowers. People visit them and lit the incense sticks and lamps of oil in the temples and homes. They offer sweets and fruits to their diety along with the hymns and chants during the worship.

Lord Surya is especially worshipped and revered on this day. The Konark Sun temple of Orissa is visited by many devotees on the day of Meena Sankranti.

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