Vrishabha Sankranti Date and Time: Surya Sankramanam Punya Kaal Muhurta

Vrishabha Sankranti is one of the highly auspicious twelve Sankranti(s), which is observed by performing Dan-Punya and righteous activities at the starting of the second month of the Hindu solar calendar.
Vrishabha Sankranti rituals performing Indian lady in red sari at river bank with lota for jal arpan near a temple in the early morning time
An Indian lady performing the Jal-Arpan ritual at a riverbank on Vrishabha Sankranti


About Vrishabha Sankranti: Muhurta (Date and Time) of Puja and Daan-Punya


Vrishabh Sankranti: Quick Glance
Also Known As
Vrishibha Sankranthi, Vrushabha Sankrantri, Vrushabha Sankraman
Also Spelled As
Vrishibha Sankranti, Vrishbha Sankranti, Vrishabh Sankranti
Sun Transition/ Sun Shifting
Event Type
Indian, Religious
Observed By
Hindu, Brahmin

Introduction: About Vrishabha Sankranti

Vrishabha Sankranti Meaning: Planetary Shift and Transition of Sun

Vrishabha Sankranti word is made of two words, “Vrishabha” and “Sankranti”. Here:

  • Vrishabha denotes the second one of twelve astrological Zodiac signs which is represented by a bull.
  • Sankranti means the transition (shifting) activity or time of Sun from one to another Rashi (Zodiac sign).
  • Vrishabha Sankranti marks the planetary shift of the Sun from Mesha Rashi to Vrishabha Rashi (Aries to Tauras Zodiac sign).

Vrishabha Sankranti: Other Popular Names

Vrishabha Sankranti in Different Communities and Calendars in India

Vrishabha Sankranti marks its presence with different names and reasons in various areas or states of India which are as below:

  • South Indian states consider the solar calendar and observe it as Sankramanan or Vrushabha Sankraman, to mark the commencement of the Vrishabha season.
  • In Tamil, the Tamil calendar is being considered and Vrishabha Sankranti is observed on the arrival of Vaigasi Masam.
  • In Malayalam, the followers of Vrishabha Sankranti observe it as Jyeshto Mash as per the Bengali calendar.
  • Orissa, one of the Indian states, celebrates Vrishabha Sankrantri as Brusha Sankranti.

Date and Time of Vrishabha Sankranti

When is Vrishabha Sankranti Observed?

In North India, Vrishabha Sankranti is observed in Jyeshtha, and in Gujarati, Marathi, Telugu, and Kannada, Vrishabha Sankranti is observed during Vaishakha. Here Jyeshtha and Vaishakha are two months as per the Hindi calendar called Panchang.

2019 Vrishabha Sankranti Best Timing

For Vrishabha Sankranti, the duration between the sixteen Ghatis before or after the moment of Sankranti is believed to be the auspicious or Shubh time period for all the significant and righteous doings. Here 60 Ghatis are equal to 1 day.

For performing the Daan or Punya activities, the duration from sixteen Ghati’s time window (time frame) to the moment of Sankranti is considered to be the right time.

Vrishabha Sankranti 2019 Date and Time Period as per Panchang Muhurat (Auspicious durations as per Hindu calendar)

2019 Vrishabha Sankranti Punya Kaal Muhurta:
Day and Date:
Wednesday, May 15, 2019
Tithi and Purnimanta Maas (Hindi Month as Per Panchang)
Shukla Paksha Ekadashi of Vaishakha
Kala (Time)
5:50 AM to 11:18 AM (Morning)
Duration (Time Period)
05 hours, 28 minutes
2019 Vrishabha Sankranti Maha Punya Kala Muhurta
09:07 AM to 11:18 AM
2019 Vrishabha Sankranti Moment
11:18 AM

Vrishibha Sankranti Day and Date for Auspicious Rituals

Day and Date of Vrishibha Sankranti Observance
Saturday, 14th of May
Sunday, 14th of May
Tuesday, 15th of May
Wednesday, 15th of May
Thursday, 14th of May
Friday, 14th of May
Sunday, 15th of May
Monday, 15th of May
Tuesday, 14th of May
Thursday, 15th of May
Friday, 15th of May

God of Vrishabha Sankranti

Know the Deities Worshipped on Vrishubha Sankramanam

Hindu devotees worship Lord Vishnu on Vrishabha Sankranti, believing this day to be lucky to welcome the blissful and prosperous life.

People also worship Rishabharudar — the other name and form of Lord Shiva.

As the meaning of ‘Vrishabha’ or ‘Vrishubha’ word- ‘bull’ indicates ‘Nandi’, the vehicle of Lord Shiva, people also worship the cows.

Vrishabha Sankranti Rituals, Vrishabh Sankranti Observances

Vrishabha Sankranti Rituals and Observances

The Hindu devotees or followers of Vrishabha Sankranti perform the proper rituals to bring happiness, prosperity, and good health. For this, they:

Traditions during Daily Activities

  • Wake up for Vrishabha Sankranti rituals early in the morning before the sun rises
  • Sleep on the floor at nighttime.

Sankraman Snaan: Pious Bath

  • Take a pious or sanctified bath in the holy river. Hindu pilgrimages are found very crowded this day as people visit them for Sankraman Snaan (Snan means bath).
  • The devotees take the bathing dip in holy rivers specifically for washing their sins in order to get salvation.
  • This is also an observance of paying homage to the forefathers and God.

Worshipping Related Rituals

  • Offer worship to Lord Vishnu and plead for salvation or freedom, that is, for getting rid of the birth-circles
  • People not only pray for salvation, prosperity, good health, and happiness, but also for seeking wisdom so that they can differentiate good from evil
  • Pay homage to Surya Devta AKA Lord Surya (Sun)
  • Pay homage to their forefathers performing Pitru Tarpan for pacifying their ancestors.

Vrishabha Sankranti Vrat (Fast)

  • Keep fast on this day (Though not mandatory)

Food Offering Related Rituals

  • Cook Kheer (rice pudding) or prepare Payasam and rice as an offering or Bhog to the Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva
  • Serve the offering as Prasad to the family members and domestic cows

Temple Visit

  • Visit the temples of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu.
  • The Lord Jagannath temple witnesses special arrangements by the devotees on Vrishibha Sankranti.

Godan (Cow Offering) and Alms

  • Perform various charitable activities and believe it to be very Shubh for doing Daan-Punya related deeds
  • Donate the offering of a holy cow to a Brahmin family. Godaan AKA Gowdaan that is gifting a cow is considered a highly auspicious act.

Vrishabha Sankranti Puja Vidhi

Significance of Vrishabha Sankranti

Rationale as per Vedic Astrology

As per the Vedic Astrology, the Sankranti is 60 Yojana long and wide, that is, about 432 Km long and wide. According to the belief of Indian Hindu(s), the Sankranti window is inauspicious or unsuitable for doing auspicious or righteous activities. However, the time period of Sankranti is considered to be highly imperative for being momentous. It is signified duration for Shraddh rituals, charity to the needy, and penance.

Vrishibha Sankranti Mythology

The Beliefs and Hopes of the Followers

People, who hold shraddha or belief in the Vrishabha Sankranti and the associated Hindu Lords, they pay great devotion and honesty towards the worship rituals, charitable deeds, and traditional observances.

They do this all believing that the Lord will bless them with opulence and happiness. They also believe to attract good fortune through the worship and other rituals of Vrishibha Sankranti.

Vrishabh Sankranti Stories

Folklores Associated with Vrishabha Sankranti

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