Navratri Day 1: Shailputri Puja with Ghatasthapana on Pratipada

Navratri celebrations begin with the Ghata-Sthapana rituals and worship of Devi Shailputri. Know-how and why this day is observed among Hindus as per the cultural traditions of Hinduism.

Navratri Day 1: Shailputri Puja with Ghatasthapana on Pratipada
Navratri Day 1: Shailputri Puja with Ghatasthapana on Pratipada

Navratri, a nine-day long Hindu festival occasion is dedicated to Goddess Durga and her nine incarnations. Her victory over evil is celebrated during days through worship offerings and dance performances.

Navdurga Puja Day-1


This Sneh Post is about the first day of Navratri which is dedicated to the Goddess Shailputri who is worshipped this day with great reverence.

Color of the Navratri Day 1: Red. It indicates action and vigor.

Also Known As
Durga Puja Day 1, Navdurga Puja Day 1, Ghatasthapana, Kalashsthapana
Restoration of Dharma
Event Type
Observed By
Durga Puja, Shailputri Puja, Ghatasthapana
Goddess of the Day 1 of Navratri
Devi Durga, Shailputri (Durga Incarnation)
Garba Dance (Garbha)
Panchang Day and Date
Shukla Pratipada of Ashwin, Chaitra, Ashadha, and Magha months of Hindi Calendar (The first day of Navratri)
Navratri in Various Years
Occurrence/ Frequency
Four Times in a Year
Other Correlated Events
Dussehra (Vijaya Dashami)

When is Navratri Day 1?

It falls four times a year on the day of Shukla Pratripada:

  • On Ashwin Shukla Pratipada during Sharadiya Navratri (Maha Navratri)
  • On Chaitra Shukla Pratipada during Vasant Navratri
  • On Ashadha Shukla Pratipada during Gayatri Navratri
  • On Magha Shukla Pratipada during Magha Navratri

Shailputri Puja with Ghatasthapana on Pratipada

About Durga Puja Day 1

People worship Shailaputri (Also spelled as Shailaputri) as the Goddess of the first day of Navratri. As Shailputri is an incarnation of Goddess Durga, this day is known as Durga Puja Day 1 as well.

Navratri Observances: The Ritual of Kalashsthapana or Ghatasthapana

On this first day of nine days’ celebration, devotees establish a Kalash or Ghada (water-pot) on a Diya (container made of clay), filling it with the soil in which the grass is planted to grow.

This most important ritual of Navratri Day 1 is known as “Ghatasthapana” or “Kalashsthapna”.

Each of these words is made of two words that signify their nomenclature. Ghatasthapana is made of “Ghada” and “Sthapna”; Kalashsthapna is made of “Kalash” and “Sthapna”. Here "Kalash" or "Ghada" means a container of water and "Sthapana" means establishment.

About Goddess Shailputri

The word Shailaputri is made of two Sanskrit words ‘Shaila’ and ‘Putri’. Here Shaila means ‘the rock’ or ‘mountain’ and Putri means ‘daughter’. Thus the literal meaning of Shailputri is the daughter of rock or the daughter of the mountain.

Goddess Shailputri is believed to be the incarnation of Parvati and worshiped as the spouse/consort of Lord Shiva. She is also believed to be the direct incarnation of Kali (Also known as Mahakali).

Depiction of Shailputri

Shailputri goddess is depicted with the lotus in her left hand, Trishula (trident, a huge fork-styled weapon of the old-time with three sharp points) in her right hand, and Nandi bull as her vehicle that she rides.

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